Rear axle

From W220 S-Class Encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Suspension

W220 rear axle suspension.png W220 rear axle suspension2.png W220 Rear Axle Components.JPG

Air suspension struts are documented in Airmatic page.

Identifying the components in this diagram with same nomenclature as above:

Part Part no. Image Description
185 A2203502606 (replaced by A2203502706)

A2203502706

LEMFÖRDER 2509402 (33 EUR)

W220 thrust arm A2203502706.jpg Thrust arm (left and right)
160 A2203500453 W220 track control arm A2203500453.png Tie rod / track control arm (left and right)
165 A2203520065 W220 tie rod joint A2203520065.jpg Rubber mount with eccentric interior bushing (left and right)
120 A2203502206 W220 torque strut A2203502206.jpg Torque strut / Radius rod (left and right)
80 A2203502406 W220 camber strut A2203502406.png Camber strut (left and right)
30 A2203521102 W220 spring control arm A2203521102.jpg Spring control arm (left and right)
10 A2203520027

TRW JBU167

A2203520027 TRW JBU167.jpg Supporting joint (left and right)
42 A2209900604 A2209900604.jpg Bolt. Spring control arm to wheel bearing (left and right) M14X1.5X80.
45 A1403521576 A1403521576.jpg Washer. Spring control arm to wheel bearing (left and right).
50 N000000003281 N000000003281.jpg Hexagon nut. Spring control arm to wheel bearing (left and right) M14X1,5.

Replacing thrust arm

Remove/install thrust arm

W220 remove install thrust arm.png

Shown on model 220 with Airmatic

  • 5 - Thrust arm
  • 5g - Thrust arm cover
  1. Raise vehicle
  2. Unclip thrust arm cover (5g).
  3. Detach thrust arm (5) from wheel carrier and rear axle carrier. Installation: When tightening the camber strut the vehicle must be relieved of load and on its wheels. Otherwise the rubber mounts are constantly under preload and are damaged as a result.
  4. Install in the reverse order

Torque specification:

  • Self-locking nut, thrust arm to wheel carrier - Stage 1: 45 Nm, Stage 2: 45°

Special tool:

  • Screw driver 119589001000
Replacing rear right thrust arm

Torsion bar

W220 torsion bar rear.png

Subframe

W220 rear subframe.png

Differential

W220 rear axle housing with differential.png
W220 rear axle with housing differential2.png

Shaft

W220 rear axle shaft.png

Other

Issues - Rear Drive/Axle Suspension

  • Squeaking, creaking noises from the rear axle suspension is a common problem.
  • The axlel ball joints that look like bushings lose their internal lubrication.

There is a ball joint at the bottom of each suspension AIRmatic strut and another one at the back of the wheel spider. Four ball joints in total. There is no part number for the bottom strut ball joints but they are the same as the outer ones.

It is recommend to replace both the strut ball joints and the outer ball joints when during replacement.

W220 squeaking noise from rear suspension.
  • Unevenly worn tyres that can not be corrected by wheel alignment.
Uneven Rear Tyre Wear due to Worn Torque Strut (3)


Tools - Rear Suspension

  • To remove and replace the bushing a special tool is needed.
  • Removal and Installation Tool W202589004300 (see Special Tools page).

DIY Tasks - Rear Suspension

Assessing Wear - Rear Suspension

Use a large shifting spanner (handle 300mm long) to tightly grip each Rear Axle Component in turn. Measure the movement at the end of the spanner handle as force is applied. The results will give an indication of the amount of wear occurring in each axle component.

Typical results for a W220 with 240,000Km;

Indication of Wear Rear Axle Components
Rear Axle Component Rear Left (RL) Measurements [mm] Rear Right (RR) Measurements [mm]
Camber Strut (2) 15 10 -15
Torque Strut (3) 20 30
Track Rod (4) 15 - 20 10
Thrust Arm (5) 1 -2 1 -2
Tie Rod (25) 0 0

The conclusion with these results was that the Torque Struts need replacing. Consequently it was decided to replace all possible wear components while the rear end was dismantled. See below for DIY.

Replacing All Worn Components - Rear Suspension

After assessing that the Torque Strut (3) was badly worn and the most likely cause of uneven wear on the inner edge of the rear tyres, the decision was made to replace all components that could wear after 240,000Km life.

All the components in the table above were replaced.

W220 Rear Suspension Wearable Components.JPG

WARNING: Replacing the Torque Strut (3) requires lowering of the complete Rear Suspension Sub-Frame by about 200mm as it is impossible to withdraw the Torque Strut (3) inner bolt without doing so. Consequently before starting make sure to either purchase or manufacture 4 off long bolts which will be used as guide pins to keep the Sub-Frame located whilst it is lowered.

This is one of the original Sub-Frame bolts removed to assess the bolt size, which was M12 x 1,5 x 86.5.

W220 OEM SubFrame Bolt.JPG

The author found it hard to get M12 x 1.5mm pitch long bolts so manufactured some using existing old stock (bolts from tail shaft refurbishment) welded together to make the required 250mm length.

The next picture shows two of the four guide bolts installed and the Sub-Frame lowered.

W220 Guide Pins Installed in Rear Sub-Frame.JPG

Method - Replacing All Worn Rear Suspension Components

  1. Jack up the vehicle and place on Jack Stands.
  2. Remove the rear wheels.
  3. Remove Exhaust Clamps (14mm and 12mm spanners).
  4. Reomove Exhaust Cross Piece bolt.
  5. Remove Tail Shaft Safety Cross Piece (4 off bolts 14mm spanner).
  6. Remove small aluminium Heat Shield (3 off bolts 8mm spanner).
  7. Remove rear large aluminium Heat Shield (4 off bolts 8mm spanner).
  8. Apply foot parking brake.
  9. Remove rear three off Tail Shaft to Differential bolts (E18 and 18mm spanners).
  10. Mark position of Tail Shaft Centre Bearing Carrier to body with a felt pen. (Makes installation a breeze.)
  11. Loosen two off bolts Tail Shaft Centre Bearing Carrier (13mm spanner).
  12. Lower rear end of Tail Shaft.
  13. Release foot parking brake.
  14. Release Parking Brake cable slack adjuster (5mm Allen Key).
  15. Remove Parking Brake cable from centre bracket.
  16. Remove rear right (RR) brake pad wear sensor (8mm spanner).
  17. Remove RR disc brake calliper and support with wire (2 off bolts 18mm spanner).
  18. Remove rear disc holding screw (T7 spanner)
  19. Remove RR disc.
    Note it is not necessary to remove the rear parking brake shoes.
  20. Remove RL wheel speed sensor and release from all clips.
  21. Let the sensor cables hang down.
  22. Detach Torque Strut (3) from Wheel Carrier (11/16" AF or 18mm spanner)
  23. Mark outer joint of Torque Strut (3) with felt pen with designation Y and arrow pointing up. (Makes installation of new component a breeze.) (Note Torque for installation; M12 bolts 70Nm.)
  24. Remove Link Rod (25) top and bottom bolts (5/16" AF or 16mm spanner). Note Torque for installation; 40Nm.)
  25. Remove Camber Strut (2) to Wheel Carrier (Torx and 11/16" AF or 18mm spanner) Note Torque for installation; 45Nm + 45 degrees.)
  26. Mark Camber Strut (2) outer bush with designation X and arrow pointing up. (Makes installation of new component a breeze.)
    W220 Torque Strut Designation.JPG
  27. Remove Track Rod Ball Joint (4c) from Wheel Carrier Nut (5/8" AF or 16mm spanner.) Note position of cable bracket on nut side and store on new component.) (Note Torque for installation; 70Nm.)
  28. Separate Track Rod Ball Joint (4c) from Wheel Carrier using appropriate tool.
  29. Mark position of Track Rod (4c) offset washers on inner bolt. (If installed in the same position, rear wheel alignment should be maintained.)
  30. Remove Track Rod (4) inner bolt. (Note Torque for installation; 70Nm.) (Note if required add new 12mm washers to inner end as they had been damaged by wheel aligners.)
  31. Measure distance between Camber Strut (2) and Torque Strut (3) before undoing inner bolt. This will be used to set the position of the new components. (Note Torque for installation; 70Nm + 120 degrees.) (Approximately 18mm.)
  32. Repeat above steps for RL side.
  33. Use a trolley jack placed under the differential to support the Rear Axle Carrier Sub-Frame.
  34. One at a time,n remove OEM bolts holding axle carrier to car frame and replace with 250mm Guide pins. (Note Torque for installation; Bolt flange 26mm 60Nm + 90 degrees.)
  35. Pop off ball joint for rear height level sensor to torsion bar bracket.
  36. Unclip cable near rear height level sensor. Note grommet through floor.
  37. Cut plastic tie on cable at AIRmatic ride mechanism.
  38. Unclip cable at 3 places to free up more cable.
  39. Lower trolley jack keeping Axle Carrier as level as possible until there is access to inner Torque Strut bolt.
    W220 Thrust Arm to Car Frame Clearance.JPG
  40. Remove Torque Strut (3) to axle carrier (inner bolt 11/16"AF or 18mm spanner.) (Note Torque for installation; 70Nm + 120 degrees.)
  41. Remove Camber Strut (2) to axle carrier (inner bolt). (Note Torque for installation; 70Nm.)
  42. Mark outer edge of Thrust Arm (5) with designation Z and arrow pointing up. (Makes installation of new component a breeze.)
  43. Mark cover of Thrust Arm (5) as well. (Note hole in cover under rubber bush goes to outside.)
  44. Remove Thrust Arm (5).
  45. Adjust level of rear half shaft 1 to 2 degrees above horizontal and torque Thrust Arm (5) to rear axle carrier (inner bolt) (70Nm).
  46. Torque Thrust ASrm (5) to Wheel Carrier (outer bolt) 45Nm + 45 degrees.)
  47. Reverse steps above to install remainder of new components. Note do final torquing of accessible bolts with car at correct road height.
  48. Adjust vehicle road height with Star SDS.
  49. Get rear wheels aligned.

Rear Shock Absorber - Rubber Lower Bushes

Temporary Fix - Rubber Lower Bushes

A quick temporary fix is to make a slit in the rubber seal and inject some oil.

Full Replacement - Rubber Lower Bushes

Reference: WIS AR32.25-P-1871M Replace rubber mounts of rear shock absorbers

Designations - Rubber Lower Bushes
W220 Replace rubber mounts of rear shock absorbers Designations Part 1.JPG
W220 Replace rubber mounts of rear shock absorbers Designations Part 2.JPG
Removal - Rubber Lower Bushes
  1. Empty suspension strut (4) of rear axle using STAR DIAGNOSIS.
  2. Partially remove spring control arm (1). TIP: Unhook exhaust system on both rear exhaust-rubber mounts. TIP: Detach spring control arm from rear axle carrier and swing downwards.
  3. Remove rubber mounts (2) using extraction and insertion tool (01). AIRmatic Lower Rubber Bushes - Rear Suspension
    W220 rear shock absorbers Insertion and Extraction tool..JPG
  4. Clean and check bearing seat (3).
Installation - Rubber Lower Bushes
  1. Install rubber mounts (2) using extraction and insertion tool (01). TIP: Do not squeeze plastic parts (large arrow) of the rubber mount (2). Cracked plastic parts result in corrosion and thus to damage to the rubber mount(2).
  2. Check installation position of the rubber mount (2). TIP: Carry out visual inspection of distances (small arrows) from outer bearing shell collar (2b) to the bearing seat edge (3k). In the event of unequal distances (small arrows) correct the installation position using the extraction and insertion tool (01).
  3. Install spring control arm (1). TIP:Unhook exhaust system on both rear exhaust-rubber mounts.
  4. Fill the suspension strut (4) using STAR DIAGNOSIS. TIP: The wheels must not touch the ground while pressurizing because the air spring bellows in the suspension strut (4) will be destroyed if pressurized with the suspension compressed.
  5. Check AIRmatic for leaks.

Resources - Rear Suspension

http://www.benzworld.org/forums/w210-e-class/1602887-diy-r-r-outer-bushing-rear.html

http://www.peachparts.com/shopforum/diesel-discussion/338574-notes-r-r-outer-lca-bushings-w124-others.html

http://www.benzworld.org/forums/w201-190-class/1673624-worn-out-hub-carrier-bushing-3.html

http://www.benzworld.org/forums/w220-s-class/1623753-loud-creaking-rear-03-w220-4matic.html

http://www.benzworld.org/forums/w220-s-class/1695182-w220-04-s600-abc-issue-squeaking.html

How to change subframe bushes: http://forums.mercedesclub.org.uk/showthread.php?t=90826 and http://forums.mercedesclub.org.uk/showthread.php?t=90827 .